Norberto L. Garcia has published an article on the current state of the honey market, which makes a very interesting read.
Global beekeeping is currently affected by many adverse factors that threaten its sustainability. The advance of agriculture, the destruction of natural environments, the contamination of bee forage lands with pesticides, the appearance of new bee diseases, and the increasing average age of beekeepers have affected beekeeping activities during the last few decades. Additionally, honey fraud has become a phenomenon that is nearly out of control. According to the US Pharmacopeia’s Food Fraud Database, honey ranks as the third “favorite” food target for adulteration, ranking only behind milk and olive oil (United States Pharmacopeia, 2018). As long as economically motivated adulteration, customs fraud, and the violation of international and national trade laws persist, the well-being and stability of the world beekeeping community remain in jeopardy. This article will first review the biological foundations that make honey a unique product of nature, the main regulations regarding its purity, and the generally recognized forms of honey adulteration. In the second part of this article, statistical information regarding the world honey trade will be presented in order to describe current tendencies, regional peculiarities, and detect possible abnormalities. Statistical information can be used as a valuable tool by authorities to more efficiently investigate and combat the scourge of honey adulteration, which takes on diverse forms and magnitudes depending on the source countries and import markets.